美国将捐赠5亿支新冠疫苗丨双语阅读-宏观经济-热点资讯-野望文存 财经 
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美国将捐赠5亿支新冠疫苗丨双语阅读

发表时间:2021-06-10 17:41:00  来源:野望文存  浏览:次   【】【】【

知情人士透露,拜登将在G7峰会之前宣布新捐赠计划。这一数字较其此前承诺的8000万支增加了很多,将分发给92个国家。


Photo credit: FTChinese


全文共588个词,by Kiran Stacey in Washington


The US will purchase 500m Covid-19 vaccines made by Pfizer to donate to other countries, Joe Biden will announce on Thursday, a significant expansion of the country’s efforts to help increase inoculation rates around the world.

美国总统乔?拜登(Joe Biden)将于周四宣布,美国将购买5亿支由辉瑞(Pfizer)生产的新型冠状病毒肺炎(Covid-19,即2019冠状病毒病)疫苗,用于捐赠给其他国家。这是美国在帮助提高全球疫苗接种率方面做出的进一步努力。


The Biden administration had agreed to buy 200m doses this year and 300m in the first half of next year to send to other countries, according to a person familiar with the deal, who confirmed an earlier report by The Washington Post.

据一位知情人士透露,拜登政府已同意今年购买2亿支疫苗,并于明年上半年购买3亿支疫苗,以运往其他国家。这位知情人士证实了《华盛顿邮报》(The Washington Post)早前的一篇报道。


Photo credit: Getty Images


The agreement is a big increase on the 80m vaccine doses already pledged by the Biden administration to other countries, following criticism that the US is hoarding doses instead of helping those in need.

美国同意捐赠的疫苗数量在拜登政府已承诺向其他国家提供的8000万支疫苗的基础上有了很大提高,此前有批评人士称,美国正在囤积疫苗而不是帮助那些有需要的国家。


The White House did not comment, while Pfizer did not immediately respond to a request to do so. The US president is expected to make the announcement in the UK, ahead of the G7 summit this weekend in Cornwall.

白宫并未置评。辉瑞也没有立即回应置评请求。预计拜登将在本周末于康沃尔举行的七国集团(G7)峰会之前,在英国宣布这一消息。


Photo credit: Getty Images


The US has overseen one of the fastest vaccine rollouts in the world, providing at least one dose to just over half of its population. But demand for doses has slowed in recent weeks, and just over 1m people are now receiving vaccinations each day — down from about 3.5m a day in April.

美国是世界上疫苗接种工作进展最快的国家之一,为略超过一半的人口提供了至少一针疫苗。但近几周,疫苗需求有所放缓,目前每天只有100多万人接种疫苗——4月份每天接种350万人。


Biden previously promised to donate 80m doses from the country’s stockpile, the first 25m of which were allocated last week. That pledge has been deemed inadequate by some experts, who warn that more will be needed to help countries like India, which has seen a devastating second wave of the disease in recent months.

拜登此前承诺从该国疫苗储备中拿出8000万支疫苗用于捐赠,首批2500万支疫苗已于上周分配完成。一些专家认为这一承诺是不够的,他们警告称,要帮助印度这样的国家还需要更多的疫苗。近几个月,印度出现了毁灭性的第二波疫情。


Photo credit: Getty Images


All 500m doses would be allocated through the Covax scheme backed by the World Health Organization, according to the person briefed on the details, and given to 92 countries.

据知情人士透露,所有这5亿支疫苗将通过世界卫生组织(WHO)支持的“全球新冠疫苗获取机制”(COVAX)进行分配,并分发给92个国家。


Covax has promised to deliver 2bn doses around the world by the end of the year, but has been hampered by the Serum Institute of India’s decision to stop exporting doses of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine it has made while the country battles its second wave.

“全球新冠疫苗获取机制”承诺在今年年底前向全球提供20亿支疫苗,但由于印度血清研究所(Serum Institute of India)决定在印度抗击第二波疫情时停止出口其生产的牛津/阿斯利康(Oxford/AstraZeneca)疫苗,该计划受到了阻碍。


Photo credit: Getty Images


The US government’s side of the negotiations was spearheaded by Jeff Zients, the head of Biden’s Covid-19 task force, the person added. Administration officials did not say how much the doses would cost.

该人士补充称,相关谈判中,美国政府方面由拜登政府新冠肺炎特别工作组负责人杰夫?齐恩茨(Jeff Zients)带头。政府官员没有透露这些疫苗的费用。


US officials said they were also looking at how to increase production in other countries, especially of mRNA vaccines such as those made by BioNTech/Pfizer and Moderna, which have represented the bulk of the US rollout.

美国官员表示,他们也在考虑如何增加其他国家的疫苗产量,特别是mRNA疫苗的生产,如BioNTech/辉瑞和莫德纳(Moderna)生产的疫苗,这些疫苗在美国的接种计划中占了很大一部分。




But some campaigners want the administration to go further, and force vaccine makers to hand over their technology to companies in other countries to help kickstart production outside the US.

但一些活动人士希望政府能够采取更进一步的措施,强制疫苗制造商将它们的技术移交给其他国家的公司,以帮助启动美国以外地区的疫苗生产。


Peter Maybarduk, director of the Access to Medicines programme at consumer advocacy group Public Citizen, said in a statement: “We have yet to see a plan from the US government or the G7 of the needed ambition or urgency to make billions more doses and end the pandemic.

消费者权益保护组织“公共公民”(Public Citizen)的药品获取计划负责人彼得?梅巴尔杜克(Peter Maybarduk)在一份声明中表示:“我们尚未看到美国政府或七国集团拿出具有必要雄心或紧迫感的计划,再生产数十亿支疫苗并结束这场大流行。


“President Biden and other leaders underestimate their power to set terms with the vaccine makers and co-ordinate immediate production at massive scale.”

“拜登总统和其他领导人低估了他们与疫苗制造商达成协议和协调大规模即时生产的能力。”


本文6月10日发布于FT中文网,英文原题为 US to donate 500m doses of Pfizer’s Covid vaccine



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